Skype, skyscrapers and colonization of the moon: how Soviet people saw the 21st century
In Soviet times, people loved to fantasize about the near future. These dreams were reflected in popular culture. One of these “forecasters” was the magazine “Technique-Youth”, in which a separate section was highlighted for the exciting ideas about life in the 21st century - “Window to the Future”. They considered interesting, but at that time inaccessible projects and developments of the future. Some of them never went beyond the printed pages, however, maybe this is only for now. Indeed, some predictions really came true, becoming for us an everyday reality.
The magazine in which the future was presented. / Photo: atomicscout.wordpress.com
Window to the Future on technological progress and space exploration
Perhaps most of all the “children of the twentieth century” were interested in the question - how and in what directions science and technology would develop. And, judging by the developments proposed by the editors of the rubric, there was no doubt that progress would be by leaps and bounds. After all, the projects on the pages of the journal "Technique-Youth" and modern man can easily amaze with their scale.
Airplanes of the future in the view of the Soviet people. / Photo: ekabu.ru
Soviet man, full of dreams of the imminent onset of communism, presented the new century as somewhat fantastic, even from the point of view of our days. Developments of the future seemed as extraordinary as grandiose.
The flight of imagination of dreamers was not limited only to the planet Earth. / Photo: yaplakal.com
The most popular topic of discussion, of course, was space. And even the failure of the Soviet lunar program did not bother Soviet citizens at all. They easily imagined how, in the foreseeable future, people would actively explore the Moon, which they had already landed on, and then begin to colonize it. And, of course, mankind will not stop on the Earth’s satellite - it’s only worth remembering that even in those days the illustrious Sergey Korolev began to develop projects for landing on Mars.
Plans for the colonization of the moon even then looked very real. / Photo: yaplakal.com
In reality, everything turned out to be not quite so. The moon, of course, is being investigated - scientists have even been able to "get" to its dark side, but so far the acquaintance of man with the celestial body closest to our planet has ended. But satellite colonization projects are still under development. On the other hand, progress does not stand still, and who knows, maybe we can catch the moment when the first people fly to the Moon for permanent residence.
Another large-scale forecast about space was the construction and withdrawal of orbital stations. And here our predecessors were not mistaken in the assumptions, because this idea was successfully realized. Today, orbital stations are actively "plowing the expanses of the Universe", albeit at a small distance from the planet Earth.
The orbital station project has been successfully operating for many years. / Photo: archivsf.narod.ru
Batistat - an underground elevator that remained a pipe dream
One of the most daring and ambitious projects presented under the “Window to the Future” rubric was the idea of creating a batistat - a huge elevator that can deliver a person deep underground or to the bottom of the ocean. According to the idea of the authors of this development, using such a technology, it is possible to extract energy from the bowels of the earth or water depths, while living directly above the mine itself.
Batistat did not go further than the fantastic article in the magazine. / Photo: hronika.info
Part of the batistat on the surface was supposed to look like a huge ball, which, in fact, is a complex for research, and possibly residence. Inside this area were located scientific laboratories, an engine room and even additional living rooms. This ambitious project is a vivid example of the unfulfilled hopes of Soviet people about the technical progress of the future. And while something like batitstat can only be seen in science fiction.
Projects from the magazine "Technology of Youth", which have become a reality
Nevertheless, the modern generation did not completely deceive the expectations of people from the past. The whole series of projects presented by the “Window to the Future” rubric was successfully implemented and ceased to be something fantastic, having occupied its niche in the everyday things of our present.
So, for example, in the rubric was presented the project of a monophone - a device that records telephone conversation. Moreover, Soviet dreamers even developed their own algorithm for the operation of this device: according to Novate.ru, the recording must begin after the greeting.
A monophone was planned for recording telephone conversations. / Photo: livejournal.com
Today, this development of the past is in use by almost half of humanity. That's just her name is different - the well-known answering machine. Either this is just a tribute to etiquette, or the developers of the recording device nevertheless spied on the idea from the journal Technika-youth, but each conversation on the answering machine really begins with a greeting.
Nowadays, a monophonic from a magazine is simply called an answering machine. / Photo: dic.academic.ru
Another idea of the people of the 20th century brought to life was high-rise buildings. In those days, skyscrapers were already built, but more in the West and they have not yet become a mass phenomenon. Today, high-rise buildings do not surprise anyone, because their number is growing almost exponentially.
The city of the future for Soviet people could only be with high-rises. / Photo: searchbiznes.ru
The reasons for such an active use of high-rise buildings in architectural projects are an increase in the population and, along with this, a decrease in the area of land that can be used for construction.
Today, high-rise buildings are everyday life. / Photo: seachbiznes.ru
Soviet people did not forget about the sky. Fantasies about the future aviation were no less popular. For example, they were very fond of representing "invisible planes." And today, there are already liners that are not able to "detect" even the most modern radar.
Blackbird is an airplane invisible to radar. / Photo: techcult.ru
But the aircraft industry went even further. To date, aircraft are being developed that could fly not only in the familiar sky, but also much higher. Such airliners should plow outer space and deliver people to the stars. Another interesting project was a universal aircraft, which does not require special conditions for takeoff and landing, which are necessary for ordinary aviation. That is, airplanes that do not need a runway on the ground and airfield.
This development has been successfully implemented in the military sphere. So, it’s not unusual for anyone when a fighter or other plane lands on a special platform on a ship - today it’s an ordinary operation on any aircraft carrier. Now airplanes can crouch even in the middle of the ocean.
Today, aircraft may not reach the nearest airfield if there is an aircraft carrier nearby. / Photo: GetBg.net
It is also interesting that the Soviet "forecasters" did not bypass even virtual reality. Of course, the ancestors of the Internet appeared in America in the second half of the 20th century, but the “Window to the Future” looked even further, suggesting that one day people who are far from each other will be able to see everywhere in real time, without using telebridges. Today, for many of us, this dream is part of everyday life and bears the name Skype.
It turns out that Soviet dreamers even predicted Skype. / Photo: wikipedia.org
Of course, sometimes the ideas of Soviet dreamers left on the pages of the magazine "Techno-Youth" and modern man will amaze with their courage and originality. But who knows, if some of these projects are already embodied in the present, then others will not remain forever on paper, but simply wait in the wings when humanity "grows" to such heights that will allow it to realize unrealizable ideas.
Do you want to know what everyday things from the USSR will surprise current generations no worse than fantasies from a magazine? Then read: 9 Soviet devices, the purpose of which is incomprehensible to today's youth