10 stadiums for the Winter Olympics: history and fate
10 stadiums for the Winter Olympics
In Sochi, Adler was finally commissioned Fisht Stadiumat which the opening ceremony will take place in a week 2014 Winter Olympics. And today we will talk about a dozen the main sports arenas of ten last winter Olympics. These are the objects where competitions are usually not held, however, they serve as the main symbols of a sports festival that took place in their city.
Fisht Stadium. Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics
Fisht Stadium got its name in honor of the mountain peak of the same name, located near Adler. This large-scale building was designed by the American architectural company Populous.
Fisht Stadium. Sochi Photo Source: Populous
It was originally planned that the external forms of the stadium would resemble an Easter egg, but then it was decided to give it the outlines of a mountain peak, in honor of which Fisht is named.
Fisht Stadium. Sochi Photo Source: Populous
The Fisht Stadium will host the opening and closing ceremonies of the Winter Olympics in Sochi, as well as the presentation of medals to competition winners. During the 2014 Olympic Games, the arena will be designed for 40 thousand spectators, and by the 2018 World Cup, some of the matches of which will be held at this stadium, its stands will expand to an indicator of 47,659 seats. How they will use the object in between these two events is not yet known.
Fisht Stadium. Sochi Photo Source: Populous
BC Place Stadium. Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympics
The multifunctional BC Place Arena in Vancouver, unlike the Adler Stadium, was built long before the 2010 Winter Olympics - in 1983. But for the Olympics, the Canadian government allocated 364 million dollars for its reconstruction. After all, the stadium by that time was pretty worn out, and its famous domed roof was torn and sank.
BC Place Stadium. Vancouver Photo Source: scoreinc.ca
BC Place Stadium met the Olympics in a new guise: with a completely updated infrastructure and stands for 55 thousand spectators. The roof modernization, however, was completed after the Games, and now this arena is the largest in the world with a roof in the form of a dome, which holds solely due to the air pressure from the inside. Now BC Place is used as the home site by the Vancouver Whitecaps (football) and British Columbia Lions (Canadian football) teams.
BC Place Stadium. Vancouver Photo Source: sandmanhotelgroup
Stadio Olimpico. Turin. 2006 Winter Olympics
The Olympic Stadium, which hosted the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, is even older. It was built in 1933 for the World Cup, which hosted Italy.
Stadio Olimpico. Turin. Photo Source: Flickr
For decades, this stadium (called Stadio Comunale) has been the home arena for two Turin cubes: Juventus and Torino. And in 2006, these teams were forced to temporarily give up their "home" to athletes who came from all over the world. For this significant sporting event, a large-scale reconstruction of the arena was carried out - the number of seats was equal to 27128, and roofs appeared over the stands.
Stadio Olimpico. Turin. Photo Source: Wikipedia
Now only the Torino football club plays in the stadium. In 2011, Juventus moved to its own stadium.
Rice-Eccles Stadium. Salt Lake City. 2002 Winter Olympics
The organizers of the 2002 Winter Olympics, which took place in the city of Salt Lake City, did not invest much money in the facility, which will not host competitions, but only the opening and closing ceremonies of the Games will take place. They rented a stadium from the University of Utah, built four years earlier, and invested relatively small-sized finances to meet Olympic requirements. By the way, the mentioned university also provided its hostels - athletes lived in them.
Rice-Eccles Stadium. Salt Lake City. Photo Source: rice-ecclesstadium
Since the construction of the Rice-Eccles Stadium in 1998, the athletic team of the University of Utah has called it Utah Utes. Between 2005 and 2008, this arena served as the home venue for Real Salt Lake Football Club.
Rice-Eccles Stadium. Salt Lake City. Photo source: olympic.org
Olympic stadium Nagano. Nagano. 1998 Winter Olympics
The decision to build this stadium has nothing to do with the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano. After all, initially it was built for itself by the baseball club Shinano Grandserows (in Japan this sport is very developed and popular), and the organizing committee of the Olympic Games only turned to the club management with a proposal to perpetuate this arena in the history of sports.
Olympic stadium Nagano. Photo Source: gaijingojapan
"Sakura Flower" (as Nagano residents call the Olympic Stadium) hosts the matches of the Japan Baseball Championship, in which Shinano Grandserows plays. In total, about two hundred events a year take place in this arena - sports, concerts, exhibitions, weddings and other mass events.
Olympic stadium Nagano. Photo source: panasonic.net
Lysgardsbakken. Lillehammer. 1994 Winter Olympics
The organizers of the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer were even trickier. This small town with a population of just over twenty thousand people absolutely does not need its own stadium for international competitions. Therefore, the opening and closing ceremonies of the 1994 Olympics were decided to be held directly at one of the competitive Olympic venues - the Lysgardsbakken ski jump. Fortunately, the stands and the slope around this object can take up to 30 thousand spectators.
Lysgardsbakken. Lillehammer. Photo Source: Wikipedia
The opening ceremony of the Olympics impressed the audience gathered at Lysgardsbakken and on the TV screens with the fact that one of the last participants in the Olympic torch relay was a ski jumper, which ascended with a torch in its hands.
Lysgardsbakken. Lillehammer. Photo Source: mashable
The Lysgardsbakken is actively used at major world competitions and training athletes. Lillehammer is a winter sports center where hundreds of thousands of people come annually.
Lysgardsbakken. Lillehammer. Photo Source: Getty Images
Theater des Ceremonies. Albertville. 1992 Winter Olympics
The town of Albertville in the French Alps in 1992 also did not need its own stadium for several tens of thousands of spectators. And for ceremonies in the framework of the 1992 Winter Olympics in it was built a temporary facility - Theater des Ceremonies.
Theater des Ceremonies. Albertville. Photo Source: lavoixdesallobroges
This building was a Colosseum with stands for 35 thousand people. Immediately after the end of the Albertville Olympics, it ceased to exist - it was disassembled and partially transported to Barcelona, where the Summer Olympic Games were held a few months later.
McMahon Stadium. Calgary 1988 Winter Olympics
The multifunctional McMahon Stadium arena was erected back in 1960 by order of the Canadian football team (a game similar to American football) Calgary Stampeders. Then the capacity of the object was a little more than 22 thousand spectators. By 1988, when the official ceremonies of the 1988 Winter Olympics were held at this stadium, 38 thousand people were already taking part in the stands.
McMahon Stadium. Calgary Photo Source: skyscrapercity
Since 1960, the McMahon Stadium is the home stadium for a number of clubs playing football, American football and Canadian football, as well as for the athletic team of the University of Calgary.
McMahon Stadium. Calgary Photo Source: calgarysun
Olympic Stadium "Asim Ferkhatovich-Khase". Sarajevo. 1984 Winter Olympics
The Koshevo Stadium (the first name of this facility) was built immediately after the Second World War, in 1947, and became one of the main sports arenas in Yugoslavia. The national team of this state played football on it, major international competitions in athletics and other prestigious competitions were held. And by 1984, it was heavily remodeled to host the Winter Olympics.
Olympic Stadium "Asim Ferkhatovich-Khase". Sarajevo. Photo Source: sarajevotimes.com
A few years after the Olympics, Sarajevo became one of the centers of fierce confrontation during the Bosnian war. Like many other buildings in the city, this object was significantly destroyed, so that the holding of sports on it became impossible. But in 1996, the reconstruction of the arena began, and now the stadium is the main one in all of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Here plays the football club "Sarajevo", the country's national football team, as well as concerts of local and world music stars.
Olympic Stadium "Asim Ferkhatovich-Khase". Sarajevo. Photo source: panoramio
Lake Placid Equestrian Stadium. Lake Placid. 1980 Winter Olympics
Lake Placid is probably the smallest city that has become the capital of the Olympic Games. Its population is only 2600 people. Nevertheless, the Winter Olympics took place there twice (in 1932 and 1980). Moreover, in the second case, the opening ceremony was not held at a standard stadium (it simply does not exist in the mentioned village) and not even at one of the Olympic venues.
Lake Placid Equestrian Stadium. Lake Placid. Photo Source: canada.com
The organizers of the event reasonably reasoned that there was no point in building anything for these purposes, and therefore they chose the most capacious object in the vicinity - the Lake Placid Equestrian Stadium.
Lake Placid Equestrian Stadium. Lake Placid. Photo Source: lakeplacid.com